# What does general average mean as used in ocean marine insurance?

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What does general average mean as used in ocean marine insurance?
General average is a global maritime industry loss mitigation convention whereby ship owners and cargo interests proportionately contribute to fully reimburse those in the venture who sustained loss or damage in preventing the total loss of a vessel, crew and its cargo.

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Consequently, what is general average loss in marine insurance?

General Average Losses — maritime partial losses sustained from voluntary sacrifice, such as jettisoning part of the cargo, to save the ship or crew, or from extraordinary expenses incurred by one of the parties for everyone’s benefit, such as the cost to tow a disabled vessel.

Beside above, what is the difference between a particular average and a general average loss in ocean marine insurance? General Average Loss is an extraordinary loss incurred to preserve the common interest. Particular Average Loss is partial loss accidentally insured by sea perils. General Average Loss is a voluntary and deliberate loss. Particular Average Loss is purely accidental and unforeseen loss.

In respect to this, what does general average mean in shipping?

The law of general average is a principle of maritime law whereby all stakeholders in a sea venture proportionally share any losses resulting from a voluntary sacrifice of part of the ship or cargo to save the whole in an emergency.

What happens when General Average is declared?

General Average is a principle of maritime law that requires all stakeholders to share any losses resulting from extreme events that threaten the safety of the vessel, cargo, and crew. In recent years, General Average has been declared when there has been a fire on a vessel, or when a vessel has grounded.

## What is general average and salvage?

A Guide to General Average & Salvage. The law of General Average is a legal principle of maritime law to which all parties in a sea venture proportionally share any losses resulting from a voluntary sacrifice of part of the ship and cargo to save the whole in an emergency.

## How do you calculate general average?

How is General Average calculated?

1. Total value of the ship and cargo before the fire: \$4,000,000.
2. Total value of the ship and cargo after the fire: \$2,200,000 (45% loss of value)
3. Total cost of handling the incident: \$550,000 (13.75% of the voyage value before the incident)

## What is average loss?

a loss in which the cost of damage to a ship or the goods it is carrying is shared by all the insurance companies, not only those that protect the damaged property: A general average loss is borne proportionately by all whose property has been saved.

## What is salvage charge?

Salvage charges are amounts paid to protect the vessel against additional loss. This could be as simple as adding a barrier to a broken window or as complicated as a salvage company protecting the vessel if grounded. Most marine insurance polices provide salvage charges as part of the normal boat insurance policies.

## What is marine insurance policy?

Marine insurance covers the loss or damage of ships, cargo, terminals, and any transport by which the property is transferred, acquired, or held between the points of origin and the final destination. When goods are transported by mail or courier, shipping insurance is used instead.

## What is the difference between general average and particular average?

Average. An average may be particular or general. A particular average is one that is borne by the owner of the lost or damaged property (unless he was insured against the risk). A general average is one that is borne in common by the owners of all the property engaged in the venture.

## What is an average bond?

Definition of average bond. marine insurance. : a bond required to procure delivery of goods and given by a consignee to the master of a ship for prompt payment of any chargeable general average when its amount is ascertained.

## What is York Antwerp Rules?

The York Antwerp Rules are a set of maritime rules that were established in 1890. Amended several times since their inception, this set of maritime rules outlines the rights and obligations of both ship and cargo owners in the case that cargo must be jettisoned in order to save a ship.

## How do you represent the average equation?

The mean is the average of the numbers. It is easy to calculate: add up all the numbers, then divide by how many numbers there are. In other words it is the sum divided by the count.

Admiralty Jurisdiction Basics As a general rule, a case is within admiralty jurisdiction if it arises from an accident on the navigable waters of the United States and involves some aspect of maritime commerce such as when two vessels collide or when a seaman is injured on a vessel in service.

## What is the bill of lading?

The bill of lading (BOL) works as a receipt of freight services, a contract between a freight carrier and shipper and a document of title. The bill of lading is a legally binding document providing the driver and the carrier all the details needed to process the freight shipment and invoice it correctly.

## What is General Average security?

GENERAL AVERAGE SECURITY. Documents the cargo owner presents to the General Average Adjuster to replace the vessel owner’s maritime lien on cargo for its share of General Average and to obtain release of the goods by the Steamship Company. Security consists of a G.A.

## What is Jason clause?

New Jason Clause – Protective clause inserted into a Charter-Party or Bill of Lading which provides that the shipowner is entitled to recover in general average even when the loss is caused by negligent navigation. Nomination – Designation of a specific ship for a particular voyage by a shipowner or shipping line.

## What is jettison?

Jettison means to push to the side or toss away. If a boat is leaking or an airplane is running out of fuel, you can buy more time by jettisoning cargo, or throwing it overboard. The word jettison — dating, in its nautical meaning, from the 15th century in English — is commonly used figuratively as well as literally.

## What is both to blame collision clause?

A both-to-blame collision clause is part of the ocean marine insurance policy that states that if a ship (vessel) collides with another ship due to the negligence of both, owners and shippers of both vessels must share in the losses in proportion with the monetary values of their cargo and interests before the

## What does an average adjuster do?

Average Adjusters are usually instructed to collect general average security, and also salvage security, and to prepare general average statements and to assist in effecting settlements thereunder. Average Adjusters may be appointed by any party involved in a marine claim.

## What is washing overboard?

Definition of wash overboard. : to knock (someone or something) off a boat and into the water A sailor was washed overboard during the storm.

## What is actual loss?

Actual loss is a term that your insurance representative or claims adjuster may use when they refer to how much money has been paid out by the insurance company on behalf of the damage caused to your property by the insured perils in a claim.

## What is Free of Particular Average?

Free of particular average (FPA) A type of marine cargo insurance providing minimum cover in the US market. Free of particular average covers: Total or partial loss from stranding, sinking, burning or collision. Total loss from errors in vessel management, boiler bursting, defects in hull or machinery and explosion.