How does a record player stylus work?

How does a record player stylus work?
A typical record player has a stylus(similar to the needle in Edison’s machine) that bumps up and downin the groove of a vinyl (plastic) disc. When the stylusmoves, it pushes the magnet up and down past the coil, generatingelectrical signals that way.


Keeping this in consideration, how does a vinyl record make sound?

Your ear detects sound waves when vibrating airparticles cause your eardrum to vibrate. The bigger the vibrationsthe louder the sound. These three-dimensional grooves cut inthe vinyl record are a recording of how thesound waves behave as they move through theair.

Furthermore, what is a record player stylus made of? The stylus, or needle, is the smallest andperhaps the most important component of the record player.It is made from a diamond or other hard material, shapedlike a cone and suspended by a flexible strip ofmetal.

Also to know, how does a turntable work?

The cartridge can either be a moving magnet (MM) ormoving coil (MC) system, with the coil system found in the higherend turntables. In both cases, the movement of the styluscreates tiny fluctuations in a magnetic field that transmit upthrough the arm and become the sound you hear out of thespeakers.

How do you play a record player?

Part 2 Playing a Record

  1. Take the record out of the sleeve.
  2. Place the record on the platter of your record player.
  3. Make sure the speed is correct.
  4. Press play and raise the cueing lever.
  5. Align the tone arm with the record.
  6. Drop the tone arm down to the record.
  7. Stop the music.
  8. Play the music on an automatic turntable.

Related Question Answers

Why does vinyl crackle?

numerous reasons but mostly its debris microscopic andotherwise that is between the grooves and is picked up as acrackling or a bump sound when the needle is moving over it.Scratches to a records surface also will cause noise andskips depending on the severity.

What causes vinyl crackle?

Crackle, pops, clicks and other groove noise canbe caused by a variety of things: pressing flaws,irreversible damage to the surface of the groove, scratches andembedded organic materials. Our PVF Archival process is the mostthorough way to remove all organic and inorganic materials bound tothe record surface.

Why does vinyl sound better?

Vinyl Sounds Better Vinyl sounds better than MP3s ever could.There’s another, far superior reason why vinyl isbetter than lossy digital formats. Vinyl, for themost part, avoided the ‘loudness war.’ With the rise of digitalmusic (CDs included), it’s possible to make a track soundlouder than it naturally should.

Do record players need speakers?

Most mid-range turntables don’t have a speakerbuilt-in, so you’ll need to supply your own. You might alsoneed to supply your own phono preamp since mostplayers aren’t powerful enough to drive the speakerswithout one. Suddenly, you’re budgeting for a whole lot more thanjust a record player.

Do vinyl records wear out?

As for wear-induced noise, most of that comesfrom playing records with a worn-out ordamaged stylus (aka needle) that’s literally gouging the grooveswith each play. Any decent cartridge will play recordswithout damaging the groove. A force setting that’s too high or toolow can accelerate record wear and noise.

What is made from vinyl?

Vinyl is not a natural substance but is asynthetic man-made material. It is a type of plastic that ismade from ethylene (found in crude oil) and chlorine (foundin regular salt). When processed, both the substances are combinedto form Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) resin, or as is commonly referredto – Vinyl.

Is it OK to clean vinyl records with alcohol?

The dishwasher fluid will break the surface tension andenables the cleaning solution to get deep into the groovesof the record. Mix 1/4 of 96-99% isopropyl alcohol,3/4 distilled water, a one or two drops of rinse agent. Take amicrofiber cloth and gently wipe the vinyl in a circularmotion for a couple of times.

How much is a vinyl record?

If the vinyl industry has been revitalized, it’stime to start asking some questions. Retail record priceshave become incredibly fluid. While a digital download of an albumwill always cost you around $10, vinyl price tags can scalefrom as little as $12 to as much as $40.

Why do I need a preamp?

The purpose of a preamp is to amplify low levelsignals to line level, i.e. the “standard” operatinglevel of your recording gear. Microphone signals are usually waybelow the nominal operating level, so a lot of gain is required,usually around 30-60 dB, sometimes even more.

When should I replace my stylus?

Most manufacturers recommend changing your stylusat around 1000 hours of record playing time. So if you’re usingyour turntable for an hour or so per day on average, ideally youshould be changing the stylus every couple of years. Thisvaries depending on the manufacturer and what type of materialsthey’re using.

Do you need an amplifier for a turntable?

Some turntables have a preamp built-in. Someolder amplifiers and stereo systems also have preampsbuilt-in (look for inputs marked PHONO). If your turntablehas a USB output, it has a built-in preamp. If you do needan external preamp, you will need a set of cables(usually RCA cables) to connect to your audio system.

What does LP stand for?

Long Playing

Why do you need a preamp for a turntable?

In simple terms, Line Level is a type of signal whichyour speakers and other audio equipment can read. A preampis what converts or boosts a PHONO signal to Line Level. However,not every preamp is good in doing so.

What is the purpose of a turntable?

Platter. The turntable platter is the rotatingcomponent (direct drive or belt-driven), with the mainpurpose of holding the record in place, but also serves tosmooth out speed fluctuations (keep the speed from varying) causedby the motor and to absorb the vibrations of the record under thestylus.

Which way does a turntable spin?

Spin the platter two full rotations clockwise andthen two counter-clockwise. This should allow the belt tohook onto the motor. Spin the turntable to test thebelt. Give it a few clockwise spins, and then a fewcounter-clockwise spins.

Can I connect my turntable directly to speakers?

But if your turntable doesn’t have abuilt-in preamp and/or your speakers don’t have abuilt-in amplifier, it will unfortunately not work toconnect them directly. You cannot connect aturntable to standard passive speakers without alsoincluding a standalone amplifier in thesetup.

What do I need for a turntable setup?


  1. Turntable.
  2. Cartridge.
  3. Preamp (built-in or external)
  4. Amplifier / Stereo System.
  5. Speakers / Headphones.

How long does a record needle last?

Under normal conditions, a diamond stylus tipwill typically last between 500 and 1000 playing hours.However, here are some key points to consider: Records withdebris in the grooves will wear the tip much faster.

What is an old fashioned record player called?

The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recordingand reproduction of sound. In its later forms, it is alsocalled a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a genericname in the UK since 1910) or, since the 1940s, a recordplayer. The phonograph was invented in 1877 by ThomasEdison.

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